Often a patient gets puzzled over the variety of weight loss surgeries available, therefore it is good to know what are the differences and similarities of surgeries in order to get a broader picture. The main surgeries performed worldwide are Gastric Bypass Roux-en-Y (GBR), Gastric Band and Gastric Sleeve.
Firstly, there is a difference in time. It takes approximately 1.30 hour to perform Gastric Bypass, while 40 minutes for Gastric Band and 2 hours for Gastric Sleeve. Hospitalization also differs slightly. Usually a patient is advised to stay for 2 days after Gastric Bypass, 1 day after Gastric Band and 3 days after Gastric Sleeve. However, bear in mind that the surgery time and hospital stay may vary due to a number of reasons such as hospital policy or surgeon approach.
Usually, a person whose BMI ranges from 35 is a suitable candidate for gastric surgery. However, if a person has diabetes II then from 30 BMI. In general weight loss surgery is performed to a person ho has obesity related disorders negatively impacting his health, is in good psychological state and did not manage to lose weight in any other ways.
After gastric bypass, in 6 months a person loses approximately around 54%, in 1 year – 72%, after 2 years – 75 % and after 3 years – 72%. After gastric band accordingly, 35%, 45%, 56% and 58%. After gastric sleeve – 46%, 56%, 68% and 75%.
Obesity is a growing concern worldwide. For instance, in UK 23 % of population was obese in 2009 and 34% in US. In UK 1 weight loss surgery per 10,000 residents is performed, while in US 7 surgeries. NHS statistics show that the most popular gastric surgery performed in UK in 2010, was Gastric Bypass, making 58% percent of all surgeries, while gastric band stood at 19% and other 23%.
Of course, before deciding which gastric surgery to have you should consult your doctor and make a decision only after a through research.